The processes that comprise tissue repair are complex and unpredictable, more so in very young and old patients. In all cases, a patient’s healing will rely on the controlled response to a traumatic injury and the body’s inherent ability to heal. Wounds are currently among the leading causes of poor treatment outcomes in post-surgical and injured patients. While there are multiple techniques of managing wounds, those used by professionals are customized to meet a patient’s needs.
Nursing homes in Worcester rather than online tutorials and homemade solutions are thus your best bet for optimal wound care. Here, the wound you have will be classified generally based on its color. This will help determine the stage of wound healing to pick the ideal management techniques for it. Here are the types of wounds.
Black Necrotic Wounds
These are dead wounds that appear leathery and dry, owing to the destruction of blood vessels and cells. The aim of management for black necrotic wounds is to stimulate the tissue’s autolysis while rehydrating it and preventing infections. The typically used dressings for these wounds are a hydrogel, or amorphous dressings combined with a secondary dressing. There are times when healthcare experts will recommend surgical debridement of the wound to remove the dead issue and freshen it, thus boosting its healing. This is done in patients that can withstand anesthesia and have no co-morbidities.
Yellow Sloughy Wounds
These are partially or entirely covered with dead, soft and moist tissue that is generally yellow though it can range from white to brownish. The dead cells in the wound should be removed to minimize infection. Once the exudate levels of the wound are determined, wound management will comprise hydrocolloid or hydrogel dressings. These encourage autolysis though they should be monitored for infection signs. Systemic antibiotics might be recommended if there is the risk of a host reaction to the infected wound.
Green Infected Wounds
These indicate a confirmed host response to the wound with the classic signs of inflammation. The management of green infected wounds centers on the promotion of healing and infection control. Topical negative pressure therapy, and honey, silver-containing, or anti-microbial dressings are used for this. Antibiotics can also be administered based on the clinical picture of the patent.
Red Granulating Wounds
These have tiny, fragile capillaries in an extracellular matrix. Protection of the wound and supporting its healing are the primary objectives of red granulating wound care. Foam, alginate or fibrous, and non-adherent dressings are used in this case based on the perceived risk of trauma to the wound.
Pink Epithelializing Wounds
Re-epithelialization of a wound occurs when cells migrate to its periphery, and exudate levels decrease. A pink epithelializing wound is a few days away from full healing, although its new skin is fragile. A thin hydrocolloid or semi-permeable dressing works in this instance to protect the skin until the completion of re-epithelialization.
Other than these management options for your type of wound, you should take specific steps to boost healing. Proper nutrition and hydration, wound elevation, and exercise will hasten wound healing. Cessation of smoking is also crucial since nicotine restricts blood vessels and will decrease the blood flow to the injured area.