Many cats suffer from feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD). The symptoms of this disease are frequent urination, blood-stained urine, and urination outside the litter box. Although it can occur in exclusion, FLUTD is often accompanied by a bladder infection, blocked urethra or bladder stones.
When it comes to urinary tract health, the right cat food can prevent the occurrence or slow down the progression of FLUTD. Many cat food brands are touting as the optimal choice for a healthy urinary tract.
The composition of your cat’s food is, however, the primary element in the urinary tract health of your pet. Here are the fundamental elements which should comprise your cat’s diet.
High Animal Proteins
Animal proteins maintain the pH of urine at acidic levels. This acidic pH keeps minerals dissolved in urine and hence makes them easier to excrete. You should thus go for meat-based cat foods rather than grain-based ones for the promotion of a healthy urinary tract in your cat.
Wet foods contain approximately 75% water and are the best choice for improving urinary tract health. The high moisture content in these foods helps in dilution of urine and minimizes the formation of calcium stones which contribute to FLUTD.
Some people opt for dry food with separate water intake. This is, however, mostly inefficient since cats are rarely thirsty.
A high sodium intake increases your cat’s water intake since it increases the plasma’s osmolality. The increased osmolality consequently makes the cat thirsty. An increased or normal rather than reduced sodium intake hence promotes water intake and thus dilution of urine.
Most cats are finicky eaters. As such, you should ensure you feed the cat several small meals throughout the day rather than one or two large meals. With the elements in your pet’s food and good dietary habits, you are sure your cat’s urinary tract is in good condition always.